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Alternatives to Incarceration  

Faye S. Taxman and Alex Breno

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Subject:
Sentencing
Alternatives to incarceration are more than options, they have evolved into sentences of their own accord. Originally, probation and prison were the two major sentences; however, the ... More

Disciplinary Segregation in Prison  

Benjamin Steiner

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Disciplinary segregation is a punishment that prison officials impose in response to inmate violations of prison rules such as assaulting another inmate or disrespecting an officer. ... More

Gender and Punishment  

Lynne Haney and Lili Dao

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
In many respects, gender has been missing from the enormous literature on the form and focus of state systems of punishment. This is true in both the historical accounts on shifts in penal ... More

Intensive Supervision Probation  

Geoffrey C. Barnes and Jordan M. Hyatt

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Subject:
Sentencing
Intensive Supervision Probation (ISP) is a form of community supervision that employs smaller caseloads, more frequent contacts, and a variety of other mechanisms to increase the level of ... More

Philosophies of Punishment  

Jerry Cederblom

Subject:
Sentencing
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Race, Ethnicity, and Sentencing  

Jeffrey Ulmer

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Much has been written about mass incarceration and how it has fallen especially hard on people of color. Given their representation in the U.S. population, for example, black and Hispanic ... More

Sentencing Guideline Departures  

Kimberly Kaiser

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Sentencing guidelines were created with the goal of reducing unwarranted disparities in sentencing outcomes based on race, gender, and other legally irrelevant characteristics in order to ... More

The Math and Science of Decarceration  

James Austin

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Subject:
Sentencing
Despite a growing consensus that “mass incarceration” in the United States has reached unacceptable levels, there has been little movement in its decline. National imprisonment rates seem ... More

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